Spinoza, Rationalism, the Enlightenment, & Historical Criticism

It is no small wonder that Benedict De Spinoza was censured with a חרם (cherem) and excommunicated from the “Jewish community of Amsterdam in 1656.”1 His move toward rationalism, i.e., the idea that humanity must succumb to the “natural light of reason”2 as the deciding factor of all truth, provided a basis for rejecting traditional interpretations of […]